Desmoplastic mesothelioma, a cell subtype of malignant mesothelioma, is a variant of another cell type: sarcomatoid. Although research is still ongoing in order to find favorable treatment options for this subtype, the prognosis is currently grim.
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About Desmoplastic Mesothelioma
Desmoplastic mesothelioma accounts for around 5-10% of all diagnosed asbestos cases. Its cell characteristics generally lack any sort of pattern. In most instances, this cell type develops in the pleura area or the abdominal area.
Desmoplastic tumors are around 50% fibrous, and with its lack of patterns, it’s difficult for doctors to detect. However, it’s considered an aggressive type of cancer, and the earlier its caught, as with other types of asbestos diseases, the better the chances there are more favorable outcomes.
Desmoplastic Mesothelioma Diagnosis
Desmoplastic mesothelioma is diagnosed just as any other asbestos-related illness. Physicians will perform a biopsy in which a sample of the cancerous tumor is taken from the patient’s body. The sample is then sent to a pathology lab for testing.
When diagnosing the desmoplastic subtype, doctors looks for at least half of the tissues to be fibrous in nature, necrosis in certain areas, spindle-like cells attached to the lung lining or chest wall, and the presence of the p53 tumor suppressor gene protein.
In addition, physicians will typically also administer an MRI scan or a CT scan, which can help identify the cells along the lung lining or chest wall. This is important as the desmoplastic subtype can look patternless, as mentioned earlier.
Desmoplastic Mesothelioma Symptoms and Treatment Options
Since desmoplastic mesothelioma tends to occur mostly in the pleural area, it can have the same symptoms as pleural mesothelioma, including:
- Chest congestion
- Fluid buildup in the lungs
- Rib and/or back pain
- Chest pain
- Night sweats
- Weakness and fatigue
Currently, physicians tend to offer palliative treatment for this type of mesothelioma. Palliative treatments helps to ease side effects and symptoms, make the patient more comfortable, and help the quality of life, as opposed to trying to cure the cancerous tumors.
Traditional mesothelioma treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation are generally used in order to relieve pressure from the lung area and help reduce tumors. Curative treatment generally isn’t provided for this type of mesothelioma and in turn, most patients will not undergo aggressive surgery to attempt to cure the tumorous cancer.
Desmoplastic Mesothelioma Prognosis
Desmoplastic mesothelioma has a grim prognosis. Medical experts indicate that the average survival for patients with desmoplastic mesothelioma is less than a year after diagnosis.
However, this is a rare subtype and more information is needed in order for doctors to formulate a favorable treatment plan that can help extend survival rates. Currently, however, studies show that most desmoplastic are in the category of sarcomatoid cancer, which has an extremely low survival rate.
Resources and Help for Asbestos Victims
Remember to fill out our from to get your free Financial Compensation Packet, with information on top asbestos and mesothelioma lawyers in your area. Remember, if you’ve been diagnosed with mesothelioma, asbestos-related lung cancer, or asbestosis, you may be eligible for considerable compensation for medical expenses, lost wages, pain, suffering, and much more. For additional assistance or for any pertinent questions, contact us toll-free at 800-793-4540.