Pleural mesothelioma, also referred to as lung mesothelioma, is the most commonly diagnosed type of mesothelioma, making up around 75% of all diagnosed patients. Prognosis is poor, but if the disease is caught early, treatment response is more favorable, which can help extend the survival rate.
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Due to the way in which asbestos enters the body, the most common form of mesothelioma is found on the pleural membrane; the lining of the lungs. It is rarer than lung cancer, with about 2,500 new cases diagnosed in the United States each year.
Pleural mesothelioma is a debilitating form of mesothelioma with low survival rates. Like other forms of mesothelioma, it is difficult to detect in its initial stages.
It takes a long time to make its presence known as it can lay dormant in the pleural membrane. It can sometimes take up to 50 years for symptoms of mesothelioma to surface.
Further, its symptoms can be easily confused with common respiratory ailments such as influenza, bronchitis, or pneumonia. These symptoms often include shortness of breath, coughing, chest pains, fever, coughing up blood, difficulty in swallowing, or buildup of fluid in the chest cavity.
Extreme tiredness, lack of appetite, and subsequent weight loss are other symptoms associated with the disease.
Since these symptoms can sometimes confuse physicians, the disease is usually diagnosed when it has already reached a Stage 3 level of cancerous development.
As cancer progresses, the symptoms become more severe. Since the disease is common in its advanced stage when this occurs, physicians may find it difficult to entirely remove the tumors.
Although pleural mesothelioma is the most common type of mesothelioma, experts have yet to find a cure as mesothelioma as a whole.
Therefore, the prognosis for victims is unfavorable. As with most diseases, your individual survival rate will depend on the stage of the disease and your overall health.
There are three major treatment options for pleural mesothelioma, which include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. None of these treatment options can cure cancer, but they can add months, even years, to a mesothelioma patient’s life.
Many physicians will use a combination of the most popular treatments for a higher success rate.
The most invasive procedure is surgery. This form of mesothelioma affects the lining of the lungs and organs which are protected by the rib cage. A surgeon has to cut through the ribs to reach the affected areas.
Currently, there are two types of surgical procedures: pleurectomy/decortication (the removal of the pleural lining), and the more radical extrapleural pneumonectomy (surgical resection of the affected lung and the surrounding parietal and visceral pleura).
In both cases, surgeons may take out either part of or the complete diaphragm and the pericardial sac. In addition, one or more ribs are removed from the patient’s body as a result of these procedures.
Patients must be in good physical condition in order to endure such an invasive procedure. As a result, the majority of patients in the advanced stages of lung mesothelioma typically do not qualify.
Side effects of surgery can include:
- Blood clots and/or bleeding
- Lung Malfunction
Chemotherapy is less invasive than surgery and aids in reducing the size of malignant mesothelioma tumors in the pleural lining.
Chemotherapy helps to relieve some of the symptoms and extend a patient’s life expectancy. It is also used to eliminate any additional cancerous cells left behind after surgery.
Side effects of chemotherapy can include:
- Patients can easily bleed and/or bruise because of reduced blood platelets
- Hair loss from the chemotherapy drugs attacking healthy hair follicle cells
- Mouth sores and cuts
- Nausea, which may also include episodes of vomiting
- Low white blood cell count, which results in possible infections
- Lack of energy and feeling lethargic
Radiation therapy, especially when applied in conjunction with extrapleural pneumonectomy surgery, is an effective form of treatment in mesothelioma cases.
Radiation therapy involves the killing of cancer cells with doses of high energy rays.
This treatment is used exclusively in cases of pleural mesothelioma due to the plethora of negative side effects possible in cases of peritoneal mesothelioma.
Radiation therapy can be used either to prevent cancer from returning to surgically treated areas or to slow down cancer’s progress in cases where surgery is not a viable option. Targeted radiation treatments also help to relieve a patient’s pain.
Side effects of radiation therapy can include:
- Hair loss
- Skin rashes and burns
- Lethargy and fatigue
- Trouble with breathing, include breath shortness
- Loss of appetite
Recently, patients have also opted for non traditional treatments, such as yoga, meditation, acupuncture, holistic healing, and herbal remedies.
Studies have suggested that combining alternative treatments with traditional treatments will help prolong life spans by helping to build the immune system while reducing stress and promoting relaxation.
Several doctors have found these forms of treatments available and even offer holistic medicines and practices at their offices.
It’s important to note that while these treatments help to control the spread of asbestos-related cancer in the pleural region, there is currently no cure for any form of mesothelioma.
However, with the right kind of treatment, the prognosis can be extended and painful symptoms can be reduced.
If you’ve been diagnosed with mesothelioma, asbestos-related lung cancer, or asbestosis, you may be entitled to significant financial compensation. Remember to fill out our from to get your free Financial Compensation Packet, with information on asbestos and mesothelioma lawyers in your area. If you have questions or need additional assistance, contact us at 800-793-4540.
Page Reviewed and Edited by Mesothelioma Attorney Paul Danziger
Paul Danziger grew up in Houston, Texas and earned a law degree from Northwestern University School of Law in Chicago. For over 25 years years he has focused on representing mesothelioma cancer victims and others hurt by asbestos exposure. Paul and his law firm have represented thousands of people diagnosed with mesothelioma, asbestosis, and lung cancer, recovering significant compensation for injured clients. Every client is extremely important to Paul and he will take every call from clients who want to speak with him. Paul and his law firm handle mesothelioma cases throughout the United States.